What Are Dental Implants?
Dental Implants are among the most advanced types of technology in tooth replacement dentistry. Their structure is composed of a small screw made of titanium which mimics the root portion of the tooth, providing full dental function just like your real teeth. With them, you are able to eat, chew, and drink just the same as you were able to with your real teeth.
When you lose one or more of your natural teeth, this can cause a shift to occur with the remaining teeth, resulting in the loss of more teeth. In more devastating cases, the loss of a tooth can result in the deterioration of the jaw bone, because the body will no longer send the nutrients to this vacant area with the absence of the tooth roots. A dental implant is placed into the jawbone of the empty gap. After the bone has grown around the implant, implants can hold a crown, bridge or over-denture just like roots hold natural teeth in place. Implants are very durable, and can last a lifetime. They require the same maintenance as natural teeth. This includes brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-ups.
Dental Implant History
Dentures or bridge restorations were once the only procedures used when replacing a missing tooth. However, they had very limited results. Then, dental Implants were developed in 1952, in a laboratory in the university town of Lund, Sweden by Professor Per-Ingvar Brĺnemark, who had an "unlucky" accident during bone grafting research. Much to his dismay, Dr. Brĺnemark discovered that it was impossible to recover any of the bone-anchored titanium microscopes he was using. The titanium plate had apparently bonded irreversibly to living bone tissue, an observation which contradicted all scientific theory at the time.
Dr. Brĺnemark went on to demonstrate that under carefully controlled conditions, titanium could be structurally integrated into living bone with a very high degree of predictability, and without long-term soft tissue inflammation or rejection. “Osseointegration," was a term coined by Dr. Brĺnemark meaning the attachment of healthy bone to a titanium implant.
The first application of dental osseointegration was the implantation of new titanium roots in an edentulous (toothless) patient in 1965 and thus dental implants embarked into the dentistry world. During its historical growth, dental implants showed a 90 percent success rate, and long-term studies continue to show an improving rate of success.
Here are some of the reasons a patient might consider dental implants:
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